Emory Decatur Hospital and Emory Hillandale Hospital's Atlanta-based Heart and Vascular Institute provides a variety of vascular screening tests, including invasive and non-invasive vascular testing, to measure and evaluate vascular disease. Our vascular screening services include:
Abdominal Aortic Ultrasound – Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), a weakening, bulging or ballooning of the major artery in the abdomen, is the ninth most common cause of death in the United States. Patients may not know if they have an AAA, and often the first symptom is rupture. We provides non-invasive vascular testing, such as ultrasounds, to determine the presence of an AAA safely and reliably. During these vascular screening tests, an ultrasound device is placed lightly over the skin of the abdomen and measurements are made. It takes 20 - 25 minutes and requires fasting.
- Ankle-brachial Index – Patients with leg artery blockage are at increased risk of heart attack and stroke. These vascular screening tests, known as ABIs, are simple, safe, and painless tests for blockages. A blood pressure cuff is placed above the ankles and pressures are measured compared to arm pressures to determine the risk of cardiovascular events. These non-invasive vascular testing services take 5 - 10 minutes.
- Angiogram – This test produces images of a blood vessel and can be performed by an X-ray, CT scan or MRI.
- Arterial Duplex Scan – Blockage in a major artery increases the likelihood of a stroke. Thickening of the walls of the carotid arteries can lead to heart attack. During our non-invasive vascular testing services to determine blockage, our highly-trained staff will perform safe, painless highly-accurate arterial duplex scans. A sound wave device, placed lightly on the skin, can tell if there is a problem. These vascular screening tests take 15 - 20 minutes.
- Arteriogram –Arteriograms, also referred to as angiograms, are invasive vascular screening tests that use a small hollow tube (called a catheter) inserted into the artery. Contrast (dye) is then injected, and the blockage(s) may be seen with X-rays. If a blockage is found, and if it is suitable to endovascular therapy, the treatment may be performed at the same time.
- Doppler – This non-invasive vascular testing tool uses ultrasound to detect blood flow in arteries and veins.
- Duplex scan – These vascular screening tests combine Doppler and non-invasive ultrasound imaging (similar to the imaging used during pregnancy).
- Vascular Ultrasound – This non-invasive vascular testing service produces images of arteries and veins. The ultrasound device (called a probe) is placed lightly over the skin of the abdomen, and images and measurements are made on the screen. For abdominal aortic aneurysms, ultrasound is a reliable method of determining the presence and size of abdominal aortic aneurysm.